Beginnings of settlement date back to prehistoric agricultural season, when the local area mined crystalline limestone, from which they made beads and bracelets. The land is of two prehistoric settlement and Slavic settlement from the 8th and 9th centuries. The history of the famous monastery Sázavského then begins circa. 1032. The origin of the monastery, the center and symbol of Slavic education, became prince Oldřich and the hermit Prokop.
The modern history of the town is closely linked to the tradition of Czech glassmaking. The oldest Sázavská works, christened Svatoprokopská, founded in. 1837 Czech glassmaker and entrepreneur Frantisek Kavalir, he survived. Smelter Josef (from r. 1902) and Francis (from r. 1882), however, still stands ; the second one is based Center for glass arts with visiting an exhibition of collections of art glass.
Landscape and nature
Sázava lies on Posázavský trail, which is one of the oldest and most interesting landscape marked hiking trails. Results from the confluence of the Sázava and Vltava through Pikovice to Čerčan and then continues along the river to Zdar to the sources Sázava. Through the town also sought Posázavská bike trail. Even today we can get an idea of the original forest near Sazava in two nearby national nature reserves: Voděradské beech and in the cold. Mostly beech forests is nearly identical to the original forests. Some massive beech reach the age of over 250 years. On the territory of the town itself is worth, whether alone, in groups, or in the alley, over 200 years old linden cordate, broadleaf lindens, oaks. In the surrounding countryside can be seen not only representative of the normal flora, but also many rare and protected animals. Sázava neighborhood is a very interesting place for ornithologists, anglers and other nature lovers.